5 Must-see archeological sites in Ecuador

Ecuadorian Historic towns are the evidence of our cultural legacy, architectural remains that hold great enigmas still to be resolved. These five archeological sites in Ecuador, in the Andes region, will transport us on a journey to the past, a glance at our history to discover our ancestor’s skills and knowledge. These are the archaeological complexes that still stands as relics to discovery and learning, an invitation to open our eyes to the cultural heritage that identifies Ecuadorians.

Ingapirca

This Archaeological Complex was an Inca-Cañari fortress built-in the 16th century. Its name means «Incan wall», and it was built with stone pads with its buildings aligned to the sun and fully illuminated in all corners. It has an elliptical shape and is a Cultural Heritage of Ecuador. 170 archaeological pieces of the old settlers of the sector are exhibited in its museum. It is an energetic place where the millenary celebration of Inti Raymi takes place. It is the temple of the Sun, the largest in Ecuador.

Cochasquí

The Cochasquí Archaeological Park is located in the Tocachi parish, in the Pedro Moncayo canton at the northern Pichincha. Here is where the Caranqui culture lived between the VII and XVI centuries. The site has 15 pyramids, 21 funerary mounds, 4 site museums and several hectares of archaeological remains. In addition, there is a group of llamas roaming freely around the complex, an Andean very firendly species. You can go camping or hiking on well signalized trails. For its pyramids and conservation it has become one of the 5 must-see archeological sites in Ecuador.

Tulipe

The Tulipe Ceremonial Site and Museum was once a settlement of the Yumbo people, former settlers of the Quto region who had architecture and geometry knowledge. Archaeological remains with semicircular, rectangular, square, polygonal and circular shapes can be observed in here. It is located northwest of the province of Pichincha, between the parishes of Nanegalito and Gualea. A place to get to know the Yumbos through the site museum and its swimming pools and ceremonial centers’s ruins. Tulipe means «Water coming down from the tolas.« More information: http://bit.ly/2vptl09

Rumicucho

The archaeological footprint of “Pucará de Rumicucho” can be appreciatted in the San Antonio de Pichincha parish. The site was part of the chain of “pucaracuna” or fortresses in the hills from where the Cuzqueños exercised their administrative, military and religious hegemony (1500-1534). The site is an Inca monument, built on slopes, fillings and retaining walls. Its temples were built with reddish cut stone «pucaruni» and volcanic ash mortar «pugshi», «chocoto» and lime stone.

Cojitambo

These archaeological site is located in the province of Cañar. It is an extensive complex of Inca ruins, located next to the hill that bears his name. Its name comes from the kichwa ‘Curi’ which means gold and ‘Tampu’ or ‘Tambo’ meaning deposit or rest. The archaeological remains and structures were made of stone, among which are walls, room structures and the section of «Qhapaq Ñan», de Inca’s trail, which connects some countries in South America. More information: http://bit.ly/2RzRlGJ

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